Child Health Nursing 3rd Edition By Jane W. Ball-Test Bank

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Test Bank For Child Health Nursing 3rd Edition By Jane W. Ball

ISBN-10: 0132840073: ISBN-13: 978-0132840071

Chapter 1
Question 1
Question 1
Type: MCSA
The nurse in a pediatric acute care unit is assigned the following tasks. Based on recognition that the action defined requires training beyond the preparation of a registered nurse, the nurse would refuse to:
1. Diagnose a six-year-old with diversional activity deficit related to placement in isolation.
2. Listen to the concerns of an adolescent about being out of school for a lengthy surgical recovery.
3. Diagnose an eight-year-old with acute otitis media and prescribe an antibiotic.
4. Provide information to a mother of a newly diagnosed four-year-old diabetic about local support group options.
Correct Answer: 3
Rationale 1: Nursing diagnoses are a responsibility of the nurse in an acute care unit.
Rationale 2: Listening to concerns is within the expectations of a nurse in an acute care unit.
Rationale 3: Advanced practice nurse practitioners perform assessment, diagnosis, and management of health conditions. The role of the pediatric nurse includes providing nursing assessment, direct nursing care interventions, client and family education at developmentally appropriate levels, client advocacy, case management, minimization of distress, and enhancement of coping.
Rationale 4: Providing information about support groups is within the expectations of the nurse in an acute care unit.
Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying
Client Need:
Client Need Sub:
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation
Learning Outcome: 1-1

Question 2
Type: MCSA
Despite the availability of Children’s Health Insurance Programs (CHIP), many eligible children are not enrolled. The nursing intervention that can best help eligible children to become enrolled is:
1. Educating the family about the need for keeping regular well-child visit appointments.
2. Assessing details of the family’s income and expenditures.
3. Limiting costly, unnecessary duplication of services through case management.
4. Advocating for the child by encouraging the family to investigate CHIP eligibility.
Correct Answer: 4
Rationale 1: While it is the nurse’s responsibility to educate the family, this intervention is not what will best help eligible children to become enrolled.
Rationale 2: Financial assessment is more commonly the function of a social worker.
Rationale 3: The case management activity mentioned will not provide a source of funding.
Rationale 4: In the role of an advocate, a nurse advances the interests of the child by suggesting that the family investigate CHIP eligibility.
Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Client Need:
Client Need Sub:
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation
Learning Outcome: 1-1

Question 3
Type: MCSA
A nurse is examining different nursing roles. Which best illustrates an advanced practice nursing role?
1. A clinical nurse specialist with whom other nurses consult for her expertise in caring for high-risk children
2. A clinical nurse specialist working as a staff nurse on a medical-surgical pediatric unit
3. A registered nurse who is the circulating nurse in surgery
4. A registered nurse who is the manager of a large pediatric unit
Correct Answer: 1
Rationale 1: A clinical nurse specialist with whom other nurses consult for expertise in caring for high-risk children would define an advanced practice nursing role. Advanced practice nurses have specialized knowledge and competence in a specific clinical area and have earned a master’s degree.
Rationale 2: A clinical nurse specialist working as a staff nurse on a medical-surgical pediatric unit might have the qualifications for an advanced practice nursing staff but is not working in that capacity.
Rationale 3: A registered nurse who is a circulating nurse in surgery is defined as a professional nurse and has graduated from an accredited program in nursing and completed the licensure examination.
Rationale 4: A registered nurse who is the manager of a large pediatric unit is defined as a professional nurse and has graduated from an accredited program in nursing and completed the licensure examination.
Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Client Need:
Client Need Sub:
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment
Learning Outcome: 1-1

Question 4
Type: MCSA
The role of the registered nurse as a nurse educator is to:
1. Provide primary care for healthy children.
2. Assist the family in making informed decisions by providing information about the pros and cons of the treatment plan.
3. Assist the primary care nurse with procedures requiring advanced practice skills.
4. Communicate with the hospitalized school-aged child’s classroom teacher to assist the child in achieving classroom goals.
Correct Answer: 2
Rationale 1: The nurse educator does not provide primary care for healthy children.
Rationale 2: The educator works with the family toward the goal of making informed choices through education and explanation.
Rationale 3: The nurse educator does not assist with procedures requiring advance practice skills.
Rationale 4: The nurse educator is concerned with teaching the child and parents health care practices related to the child’s condition.
Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying
Client Need:
Client Need Sub:
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning
Learning Outcome: 1-1

Question 5
Type: MCSA
A 7-year-old child has been admitted for acute appendicitis. The parents are questioning the nurse about expectations during the child’s recovery. Which information tool would be most useful in answering a parent’s questions about timing of key events?
1. Healthy People 2020
2. National clinical practice guidelines
3. Child mortality statistics
4. Critical clinical pathways
Correct Answer: 4
Rationale 1: Healthy People 2020 contains objectives set by the U.S. government to improve the health and reduce the incidence of death in the twenty-first century.
Rationale 2: National clinical practice guidelines promote uniformity in care for specific disease conditions by suggesting expected outcomes from specific interventions.
Rationale 3: Child mortality statistics can be compared with those from other decades for the evaluation of achievement toward health care goals.
Rationale 4: Critical clinical pathways are interdisciplinary documents provided by a hospital to suggest ideal sequencing and timing of events and interventions for specific diseases to improve efficiency of care and enhance recovery. These pathways serve as models outlining the typical hospital stay for individuals with specified conditions.
Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Client Need:
Client Need Sub:
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning
Learning Outcome: 1-2

Question 6
Type: MCSA
The telephone triage nurse at a pediatric clinic knows that each call is important. However, recognizing that infant deaths are most frequent in this group, the nurse must be extra attentive during the call from the parent of an infant who is:
1. Between six and eight months old.
2. Of a Native American family.
3. Of a non-Hispanic black family.
4. Younger than three weeks old.
Correct Answer: 4
Rationale 1: About two-thirds of infant deaths occur much earlier—in the first 28 days of life.
Rationale 2: Native American and Alaskan natives experience an infant mortality rate of 8.3 per 100,000 live births.
Rationale 3: During 2000, the infant mortality statistics for non-Hispanic blacks was 13.6 per 100,000 live births.
Rationale 4: Almost two-thirds of all infant deaths occur during the first 28 days after birth.
Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying
Client Need:
Client Need Sub:
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning
Learning Outcome: 1-3

Question 7
Type: MCSA
When discussing injury prevention with the parents of a toddler, which statement indicates teaching has been successful? “The leading cause of death in children is:
1. Unintentional injury.”
2. Infectious disease.”
3. Congenital anomalies.”
4. Cancer.”
Correct Answer: 1
Rationale 1: The most common cause of death for children between 1 and 19 years of age is unintentional injury, which includes motor vehicle crashes, drowning, fire, burns, firearms, and suffocation.
Rationale 2: Infectious disease is not the cause of most deaths in children.
Rationale 3: The leading cause of death in children is unintentional injuries, not congenital anomalies.
Rationale 4: Cancer is not the leading cause of child mortality.
Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying
Client Need:
Client Need Sub:
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation
Learning Outcome: 1-3

Question 8
Type: MCSA
With regard to child mortality statistics, which nursing intervention would be most effective in decreasing mortality from unintentional injury?
1. Teaching children about dangers of contact sports
2. Encouraging parents to obtain genetic counseling
3. Educating parents about the benefits of immunizations
4. Teaching parents about proper use of vehicle restraint seats
Correct Answer: 4
Rationale 1: Teaching about the dangers of contact sports will not decrease mortality from unintentional injuries, such as burns, motor vehicle crashes, and suffocation.
Rationale 2: Obtaining genetic counseling will not decrease mortality from unintentional injuries.
Rationale 3: Since the most common cause of mortality in children is unintentional injury, educating about immunizations will not be most effective.
Rationale 4: The most common cause of death for children between 1 and 19 years of age is unintentional injury. The major causes of death from unintentional injury in childhood include motor vehicle crashes, drowning, fires and burns, firearms, and suffocation.
Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying
Client Need:
Client Need Sub:
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation
Learning Outcome: 1-3

Question 9
Type: MCSA
With regard to infant mortality statistics, which nursing intervention would be most effective in decreasing post-neonatal mortality?
1. Teaching parents about “baby-proofing” their home
2. Educating parents on acceptable feeding techniques
3. Providing support for first-time mothers
4. Educating parents on the importance of positioning the baby on his back whenever sleeping
Correct Answer: 4
Rationale 1: Baby-proofing homes will not decrease post-neonatal mortality.
Rationale 2: Teaching acceptable feeding techniques is not the most effective intervention to decrease post-neonatal mortality.
Rationale 3: Providing support for first-time mothers will not decrease post-neonatal mortality.
Rationale 4: Sudden infant death syndrome accounts for nearly 8% of deaths to infants and usually occurs during the post-neonatal period (between 1 and 12 months of age). Positioning babies on their backs to sleep has significantly reduced the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome.
Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying
Client Need:
Client Need Sub:
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation
Learning Outcome: 1-3

Question 10
Type: MCSA
Despite the availability of the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP), families often fail to obtain coverage for eligible children because:
1. They do not see the importance of insurance coverage.
2. Families do not have adequate time to complete the enrollment process.
3. They do not know their child is eligible.
4. Parents do not value medical interventions for their children.
Correct Answer: 3
Rationale 1: Most families do value insurance coverage, so this is not the reason for failing to obtain SCHIP coverage.
Rationale 2: Families have adequate time to complete the enrollment process, but some do not believe they will qualify and therefore do not try to enroll.
Rationale 3: Despite availability of CHIP, many eligible children are not enrolled. Reasons families have not enrolled include not being aware that their child is eligible, viewing the enrollment requirements and income verification tests as barriers, and the monthly premium or co-payment for healthcare visits that are required in some states.
Rationale 4: Parents do value medical interventions for their children, but some do not believe they can qualify, believing that their income is too high.
Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying
Client Need:
Client Need Sub:
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment
Learning Outcome: 1-3

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Child Health Nursing 3rd Edition By Jane W. Ball-Test Bank

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