Juvenile Justice 6th Edition by Kären M. Hess – Test Bank

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Chapter 1- Juvenile Justice: Definitions, Measurement and Course of

A number of Selection

1. The primary juvenile court docket was established in:
a. 1899
b. 1910
c. 1818
d. 1925
ANS: A REF: 24 LO: 2

2. The philosophy that the federal government turns into accountable for the care of youngsters and youth is named:
a. the kid saver idea
b. juvenile justice system
c. lex talionis
d. parens patriae
ANS: D REF: 34 LO: 1

3. An act that might not be thought of against the law if dedicated by an grownup is known as:
a. juvenile classification
b. standing offense
c. delinquency
d. adjudication
ANS: B REF: 3 LO: 2

4. The age at which a youth comes below the juvenile court docket’s jurisdiction is established by:
a. the US Division of Justice
b. the FBI
c. every state
d. District Courts
ANS: C REF: 4 LO: 2

5. The darkish determine of crime is centered on which one of many following:
a. crimes that solely happen at evening
b. true variety of crimes
c. solely refers to UCR Index I offenses
d. white collar crimes
ANS: B REF: 14 LO: 3



6. Holding offenders accountable to the sufferer refers to:
a. retributive justice
b. distributive justice
c. restorative justice
d. common justice
ANS: C REF: 5 LO: 3

7. Data and statistics collected by the police, courts and/or correctional companies is known as:
a. unofficial knowledge
b. official knowledge
c. self-report knowledge
d. jurisdiction report knowledge
ANS: B REF: 5 LO: 3

8. Which of the next is meant as a complement or alternative for the abstract knowledge of the UCR?
ANS: A REF: 9 LO: 4

9. Self-report research on delinquency point out that:
a. delinquency is regional
b. delinquency is increased in southern states
c. delinquency is nearly common
d. delinquency is increased in city areas
ANS: C REF: 10 LO: 5

10. All the following are standing offenses besides:
a. curfew violations
b. smoking cigarettes
c. automotive theft
d. power truancy
ANS: C REF: 6 LO: 2

11. Which of the next is attribute of a state govt company having across-the-board state management of companies?
a. decentralized states
b. group and administration
c. centralized states
d. construction of delinquency companies
ANS: C REF: 16 LO: 7

12. The three fundamental elements of the juvenile justice system are:
a. legislation enforcement, social companies, and corrections
b. legislation enforcements, courts, and faculty
c. legislation enforcement, courts, and corrections
d. legislation enforcement, social companies, and courts
ANS: C REF: 16 LO: 3

13. The view that justice entails 4 events, offender and sufferer, authorities and group, is known as:
a. restorative justice
b. common justice
c. specific justice
d. retributive justice
ANS: A REF: 5 LO: 3

14. The official halting of formal juvenile proceedings towards an alleged offender and the referral to a therapy or care program by a personal or public service company is named:
a. petitioning
b. diversion
c. detention
d. consumption
ANS: B REF: 18 LO: 6

15. The motion involving juveniles that’s similar to the preliminary listening to within the grownup system is known as:
a. dispositional listening to
b. probation listening to
c. adjudication listening to
d. switch to grownup court docket
ANS: C REF: 19 LO: 6

16. The Nationwide Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS):
a. focuses on arrests of offenders
b. collects knowledge on crimes towards people and households
c. measures violent and property crimes
d. permits youth to personally reveal details about their violation(s) of the legislation
ANS: B REF: 9 LO: 3

17. When a probably delinquent youth is distributed ahead for authorized processing and is acquired by a juvenile or household court docket or juvenile consumption company, it is named:
a. arrest
b. adjudication
c. referral
d. consumption
ANS: C REF: 17 LO: 6
18. The strategy that locations those that are abused and uncared for, those that commit standing offenses, and those that are delinquents into the identical judicial system.
a. common justice
b. restorative justice
c. one-pot strategy
d. retributive strategy
ANS: C REF: 3 LO: 1

19. Retributive justice:
a. is utilized in juvenile courts when victims retrieve precise gadgets which were stolen
b. is when there’s a retrial in juvenile court docket
c. is seldom used besides in circumstances involving misdemeanors
d. is when revenge is sought for habits that’s illegal
ANS: D REF: 9 LO: 3

20. Restorative justice:
a. holds offenders accountable to the state
b. is a way of restoring bodily and emotional well being in group hospitals
c. stresses that offenders should actively contribute to restore hurt they’ve executed to victims and communities
d. focuses on refurbishing jails moderately than constructing new services
ANS: C REF: 5 LO: 3

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Juvenile Justice 6th Edition by Kären M. Hess – Test Bank
Juvenile Justice 6th Edition by Kären M. Hess – Test Bank

Original price was: $40.00.Current price is: $29.97.

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